September 1989 MCU Magazine

Table Of Contents

GENERAL INFORMATION

MCUC

This newsletter is published monthly for distribution to members of the Memphis Commodore Users Club. It is in no way connected with the Commodore Business Machine Ltd. or Commodore Inc. and Commodore products (CBM, PET, C64, C128, VIC20, Amiga) are registered trademarks of Commodore Inc. The MCUC is a non-profit organization whose purpose is the free exchange of information & knowledge about the use of Commodore computer systems. Memberships are open to anyone; ownership of a computer is not required. Monthly meetings are open to the public & visitors are welcome.

Dues are broken down into three categories. Membership dues may be paid quarterly (3 months) at $6 or annually at $20.00. An associate membership is offered for those living outside a 45 mile radius of Memphis at $10 per year. All memberships are Family Memberships. Dues are not refundable.

Contribution to the MCUC magazine may be in any word processor. You may submit articles on disk, or a hardcopy, or upload to the MCUC BBS (276-6868). Other User Groups are welcome to reprint material from this magazine; we ask only that you give credit to the author and source.

The editor reserves the right to reject material submitted relating to illegal services, products or unethical practices. All material submitted becomes the property of MCUC. The 12th of each month is the DEADLINE FOR ARTICLES.

Meetings

General Membership Meeting - First Tuesday of each month, 7:00 PM in Fulton Auditorium, State Technical Institute.

Beginner's Class - First Saturday after the first Tuesday. 1:00 PM at the Main Library, Peabody and McLean

Board of Director's Meeting - Second Thursday after the General Meeting. 7:30 PM State Tech, in the Cafeteria.

128,CP/M,MS-DOS Sig Classes - Now meeting with the Memphis FOG group. 4th Tuesday of each month at the Whitestation Library. Copy Session at 6 PM, Meeting starts as 7:00 PM.

Millington SIG - 1st Saturday 7:00 pm, Shoney's on Hwy 51 in Millington

Officers

President Bob Nunn
759-0461
Vice President Ron Montgomery
767-0737
Secretary Dick Coffman
829-3705
Treasurer Gary Thurman
853-6949
Librarian Jim West
366-5544
Education Bob Earnheart
377-6416
Newsletter Cheryl Nunn
795-0461
BBS 276-6868
Sysop John Blackmer
Co-Sysop Andrew George
367-1266

Advertising Rates

All Rates Monthly

Full Page $20.00 1/2 Page $11.00
1/4 Page $7.50 1/8 Page $3.00
Business Card $3.00

Classified to Members FREE
All ads must be in by the 12th.
CIRCULATION: 300 copies

Secretary's Notes

8/13/89

The official board meeting was called to order at 2:34 PM by Bob Nunn, President.

Those present were: Bob Nunn, President Bob Earnheart, Ed. Coordinator Ron Montgomery, Vice President Cheryn Nunn, Newsletter Editor John Blackmer, Sysop Dick Coffman, Secretary Visitors, Wayne Moore, Kevin Dunn, Harv and Connie Slemmons

The Treasurer's report was not available at the meeting. All surplus club equipment has been sold and monies collected. One of the club's 1200 baud modems has been re-assigned to the club librarian.

A motion was made to repair the SX64, seconded by Ron Montgomery, motion carried. The club's SX-64 will be repaired by Earnheart Computer Repair. Our BBS has new software not available anywhere else in Memphis.

The C.A.B.E. meeting the Sept. 16 and 17, 1989. Tickets will be on sale at the next club meeting or from Charlie Wirth. A new method of checking out materials from the educational coordinator is being considered. Details will be forthcoming in the newsletter.

The club has accomplished about 95% of the goals it set for the year 1989. The officers are looking ahead for the goals for 1990.

Demos for September will be: Short Demo on "Battletech", a new game, by Eddie Yarborough. Also a review of Protera V16.1 for the 128 by John Blackmer.

Meeting adjourned at 4:15 PM.

Respectfully submitted,
Richard Coffman, Secretary

Editor's Desk

by Cheryn Nunn

This month's issue focuses on Telecommunications. We've included a review of both a C-64 and a C-128 term program. (A term program is a program which serves as an interface between your computer and modem and another computer and modem.) We've also got a light-hearted article on the basic history of telecommunications (it didn't start with comptuers!) by Marilyn Hartley.

We've also included a lot of C-128 tips. Unfortunately, the C-128 gets slighted some times because, as we all know, there are just a lot more C-64's out there. So this month, the tips are devoted entirely to the C-128. Enjoy!

Look for the map of Nashville so you'll know how to get to the Coventer Center for the 1989 Fourth Annual Commodore Computer ShowCASE, September 16th and 17th.

Treasurer's Report

Gary Thurman has been tied up with business this month and was unable to get us a report. Next month's issue will reflect both August and September's financial reports.

C-128 Tip

C-128 Tip
by Danny Gaspard
Reprinted from BRACE via CHUG

Type the following in Direct Mode:

BANK 15 : SYSS 32800,123,45,6
<Return>

You'll see the designers of the 128, and a small message. (128 mode only).

President's Ponderings

MCUC 1990 - Looking Ahead

by Bob Nunn

We have met most of the goals and challenges we set forth not so long ago in our February Meeting. I can't help giving everyone a pat on the back for making these things happen. I am not sure what new challenges we can set our sights on for the balance of the year, but as a leader I know that we must continue to look ahead and set our sights high. We may not acheive them 100% but even at a slightly lower level they still should be great.

  1. I would like to see us set up seminar type education classes.
  2. I would like to see us more active with the school systems.
  3. I would like to see us reach a broader user base.
  4. I want us to continue to improve our bbs.
  5. I want us to continue to improve our library and our magazine.
  6. I would like to involve the AMIGA Group with us.
  7. I would like to involve more of our younger members.
  8. I would like to see us prepare video tapes for use by members.

I don't know how we can acheive all of these things or even sure that we need to. I do know that we need the ideas and expertise from our membership. We will cover many of these topics in the next few board meeting. Why not visit with us and add your opinions and ideas, they are valuable to us.

  1. I currently envision us setting up seminars on various popular subjects. There would be a small fee for the seminar and you may need to bring your system. You would receive in return class materials such as disks etc. and there would be refreshments for the breaks. There would be once teacher with several assistants available. These events would take place on Saturdays and at some facility suitable and centrally located. Our first will likely be on the Write Stuff and will place this fall as I know a qualified teacher. We only lack the other details. What other subjects do you see?
  2. The school system?? I'm not sure but perhaps you have contact that will help us to work with the schools. I see a major benefit for all of us if we can help educate our youth to be more computer literate. Bob Earnheart has many professional contacts but we have yet to determine their need or what we can do to help.
  3. Someone suggested we place ads in the computer section of the newspaper. I agree and we will need to budget this in so that we can continue to make more contacts if our club is to continue to grow and prosper. (Note- We approved this in the August Board Meeting, check this one off.) We also now have a Subgroup for the military in Millington. Check the calendar for meeting time and inside cover for location.
  4. The BBS? We have done much this year with the 1581's, the 2400 baud modem and the Ivory upgrades. I think we need to plan for a 128 and hard drive in 1990 so that we may continue to serve the needs of the club.
  5. The library? We have made great headway with the user group exchange. Kevin Dunn has written many fine programs that all of us have benefited from and I'm sure will continue to do so. We have started to contact some of the larger clubs in England. We perhaps can branch these out to Europe and Australia, if some of these prove fruitful. We must change our bylaws to elect assistant librarians next year and supply them with the equipment they need to do the job. We have even started placing the unused programs on the MCUC BBS. Log on for software available no where else in Memphis!! New material each month!!

    Same for the Magazine, I think all of you will agree that the quality has never been better. The editor now has the equipment needed to do the job. We may want to budget better equipment in the future if we wish to continue to expand the size and quality. We now have additional assistance in MCUC Magazine production but will need to review needs for 1990.
  6. Bob Earnheart initiated a concept to the board and has taken initial steps at inviting the AMIGA group to occasionally meet with us and perhaps do demo's. We have yet to work out the details but since many of the AMIGA group are either members or ex-members, I hope most of you agree that this is a welcome and healthy addition.
  7. We briefly discussed a youth SIG. Ron Montgomery volunteered to sponsor this group. Now if we can get some of our leader quality young people involved and find a good location. I forsee a meeting that would enable them to review new games and perhaps share tips and tricks. That along with what each of them use their computers for such as school, telecommunications etc. Meeting where and when it is convenient for them. (Many cannot attend our general meeting because of school.) Would you like to be involved? Contact Ron Montgomery.
  8. Beginner's Video - I have little expertise here but can envision us preparing a video to be checked out to assist people in using our Members Packet which includes a round robin of utilities and programs. This should help those that may be unable or reluctant to attend our beginners class. Perhaps we can borrow a camera for our seminar sessions?? Does someone have editing equipment access that can assist? We can then have materials to barter with other clubs in exchanging their videos. There are many out there. (Note-It seems that Harv & Connie Slemmons who presently help with the newsletter preparations own the needed equipment to produce these type videos! Now just to schedule and plan sessions! See what you missed at the board meeting.)

Another parcel of work you say? Not from where I sit. This looks like an opportunity for a lot of us to have a lot of fun and learn a great deal more about our computers, and likely make a few new friends. Won't you join us at the next board meeting? Your talents, skills and ideas are needed. Or perhaps just take a minute or two to call and give us your ideas. With Commodore doing better than ever financially, adding educational support and rumor has it an advanced new 8 bit, things look better than ever for the Memphis Commodore User Group in 1990. Think of all the 1000's of 64's and 128's sold and resold and we are only reaching a small percentage of people who would greatly benefit from a user group who can provide for their needs, our opportunities are endless.

Your President
Bob Nunn

Transfer Protocols

A Review

Q-Link via Courier

There are many different types of file transfer protocols. The two most popular used by Commodore systems are Punter and XModem. So far, Punter file transfers are Commodore specific and only systems run on a Commodore computer can have it available. XModem is pretty much universal and should be available on most BBS's no matter what type of computer it is run on.

Other file transfer protocols include XModem, CRC, YModem, Kermits, Rainbow, ASCII and a few others. Even though they all have different names, they all accomplish the same thing. They are designed to allow one computer to send a file to another computer.

The main difference between all the various file transfer protocols is how the program checks for errors during the actual file transfer. When a file is sent over the phone lines, it is sent in 'packets' or 'blocks'. Each packet or block contains a specific number of bytes. As each block is sent one or more extra bytes are added to the block. These extra bytes are put in to allow the receiving computer to verify the fact that it received a 'good' block. Things such as line noise, weak connections or improper timing can cause a bad 'block' to be received.

The receiving computer then tells the transmitting computer that it received a 'good' block or 'bad' block. If the block is good, the transmitting computer sends the next block. If it's 'bad' it re-transmits the previous block.

It's possible that the receiving computer could tell the transmitting computer that it received a 'good' block when it actually got a 'bad' block. That would mean that the file may not work at all or that it may have serious bugs in it. That's why there are so many different file transfer protocols available. As time goes on, programmers add better error checking routines thereby making the protocol more reliable.

At the present time, to the best of my knowledge, no protocol available to the Commodore world has an error checking routine better than Punter. When calling long distance or under adverse phone line conditions, Punter is the best protocol to use. Most BBS's and terminal programs also have the ability to shorten the number of bytes in a block when using Punter. This is especially handy when trying to transfer files when conditions are not the best. Shortening the size of the block means that error checking is done more frequently and makes the transfer more reliable.

Member of the UGX on BIX, the
on-line service for computer-using
professionals. For information
call 1-800-227-2983

Another C-128 Tip

C128 Scroll Slow-Down

by John Poland

reprinted from RANDOM BITS via CURVE via CHUG

Want to slow down the scroll of a program listing or a long directory listing without holding the C= key? Press the ESC key, then the letter A key. Lists or directories will now be slow until RESET, RUN/STOP-RESTORE, or ESC C (press ESC, the C) is pressed.

COMMODORE ASSOCIATION SOUTHEAST
PRESENTS
The Fourth Annual Commodore Computer ShowCASE
September 16th & 17th
Saturday & Sunday
9:00 AM to 5:00 PM
Nashville Convention Center
5th Avenue N. & Commerce Street
Nashville, Tennessee

* National Speakers Featuring Jim Butterfield & R. J. Mical
* National Vendors
* Show Specials & Door Prizes!
* See Innovations Available for the Commodroe 64, 128 & Amiga!
* The Only Commodore Conference in the Southeast!
* Door Prizes - AMIGA 500!

2-Day Early Registration Ticket: $7.50, at the door $10.00
See Charlie Wirth at the September Meeting or call 386-3337

Fourth Annual Commodore Computer ShowCASE

This year's C.A.S.E. (Commodore Association of the SouthEast) Show promises to be bigger and better than last year's. This is two days filled with seminars, speakers, demonstrations and new products for the Commodore that you won't want to miss. Jim Butterfield and R. J. Mical have committed to speak at the show and Jim Oldfield and Andre Frech are making plans to attend. Vendors will be there with the latest for the Commodore and will have special show prices on many products. There are door prize drawings with the grand prize an Amiga 500!

Tickets are available from Charlie Wirth and are $7.50 which covers both days of the show. Price at the door will be $10.00. We have received a list of motels/hotels in the area around the Nashville Convention Center. We recommend you get your reservations in early.

Let's have a good turnout from our club for the 1989 C.A.S.E. Show!!

Hotels/Motels in the Vicinity of the Show

Clarion Hotel-Maxwell House
202 Metrocenter Blvd
615-259-4343
3 miles north at I-265

Days Inn Downtown
711 Union Street
615-242-4311
2 blocks N of Center

Days Inn-Vanderbilt
1800 West End Ave.
615-327-0922
1.5 mile W of Center

DoubleTree Hotel
At Commerce Place
615-244-8200
3 blocks from Center

Executive Inn
823 Murfreesboro Rd
615-367-1234
6 miles SW of Center

Hampton Inn Vanderbilt
1919 West End Ave.
615-329-1144
1.5 miles W of Center

Hermitage Hotel
231 6th Ave. North
615-344-3121
3 blocks from Center

Interstate Inn
300 Interstate Dr
615-242-9261
1 mile E of Center

Motel 6
311 W Trinity Lane
615-227-9696
3 miles N of Center

Motel 6
95 Wallace Rd
615-333-9933
10 miles SW of Center

Quality Inn
I-65 and James Robertson
615-244-6050
2 miles E of Center

Ramada Inn North
1412 Brick Church Pike
615-226-3230
3 miles N of Center

Rodeway Inn
797 Briley Parkway
615-361-5900
5 miles E of Center

Stouffer Hotel
611 Commerce Street
615-255-8400
Located at the Center

The Terminal 128

A Review by John Blackmer

As many of you know, when I had my 64 I was very impressed with, and highly recommended Touchterm 3.9 to beginners as well as experienced telecommunicators. Well, now I've changed my tune as well as the computer I use. Since I got the 128 I tried several terms and none seemed to meet the needs I had; mainly, ease of use, but also versatility, dependability, and speed were prerequisites for me to accept a program for everyday use. I tried several that were recommended to me by various users. Among them was COMMUNICATOR 128, a pretty decent program published by LOADSTAR. Decent, yes, but not what I wanted. It does have many fine features such as Automated Multidial with which it begins dialing preset numbers as soon as you get it booted up. An impressive feature to be sure. Communicator 128 does have all the "normal" features such as autodial, C/G, ascii standard transfer utilities and buffer stuff. What it doesn't have can't be listed on the menu. In short, I found it to be "uncomfortable" to use. I suppose if I had been forced to use it I would have become used to it and therefore more comfortable with it. BUT something else, better, came along.

Better, but still not to my liking was ULTRATERM. You GEOS fanciers will love Ultraterm mainly because it operates in the same manner as GEOS. Pull down windows as menus to get you where you want to go. Point and click and you can enter numbers into your autodial directory, read a seq file, dial, get your directory and a host of other functions you'd need either online or not. The main problem here is that the copy I have is a demo copy and at this writing I cannot for the life of me remember what it didn't do, but it must have been something like not save the autodial directory or something like that because it was unuseable to me except to help me decide I didn't want to use it. What CAN I say .........

Next came, C/G Term then Lobster Term both of which didn't make the grade for me. Though I did use C/G term for some time, there were several commands in it that were intended for more experienced hackers then me, some of which I don't understand to this day. So I dumped it too!...but not until I came across THE terminal program ! The one I use now and will continue to use for some time yet.

PROTERM 128 V16.1

For ease of use it can't be beat! The C= key and assorted letter keys in combination gets you most anything you need to do. Otherwise hit the HELP key to find even more stuff to do. Here's a partial list of features:

All of this coupled with unbelievable ease of use it's no wonder I think that Proterm 128 will be the most popular terminal around. I keep a copy of it .BDA'ed on drive 8 of the MCUC BBS so feel free to download it and check it out.

HAPPY telecommunicating!
==JOHN==

Sysop's Scuttlebutt

A New Ssub by John Blackmer

Hmmmmmmm Let me see......This is August uh-huh after August comes October ......no, of course not! After August comes September which brings on the most dreaded season of all! No, not Halloween (not a ghost of a chance in September). No, not the expense of Christmas (tho that may be dreaded) but YES, the start of yet another school year! UGH! Yecch! Phooey! I can hear it now. "Back to the %#!@*+& books!" and the teacher's dirty looks... But wait it can't be all that bad. Maybe I can make it easier on myself. I know! I'll call the MCUC BBS, I know John will try to help me on a variety of subjects. If he can't he can either connect me with someone who can or find a program that will be helpful for me in self study.

That's right, in honor of the start of a new school year, I have set up a sub for you students that need extra help with homework. Regardless of the subject, if you need help, post your problem in the SCHOOL DAZE sub. If I don't answer it someone else might. (Hint-hint to all you intellectuals out there.)

The help offered will be only rudimentary....

I.E. An idea/suggestion for a term paper.

A program for an area in math.

A discussion in chat mode regarding school work.

An explanation of some area of science.

In other words, I'll do whatever I can to help you to my limited degree.

Happy studying!
==JOHN==

The Computer in Radio Communications

A Short History of The Beginning

by Marilyn Hartley KJ 4 GV

Come with me please and let's take a ride in my time machine. We won't go back very far, maybe 60 or 70 years. The first thing I want us all to see is the teletype. The original teletype was the stock ticker which operates on the same principle as the teletype. I'm sure that you have seen a teletype in some movies. They are generally big, black, dirty, and most of all, very, very, noisy. Basically, all the teletype in the 1920's and early '30's is nothing more than a fancy typewriter with an electric motor and the circuits to communicate with another teletype by a dedicated telephone line. This is accomplished by sending an electrical signal down the phone line broken into 5 bit signal characters. This breaking of the signal is called "mark and space" or "on and off".

Well, let's move back to the time machine and go forward to the early 1940's and what we know as World War II. The computer as we know it today is only now taking form. IBM built the first computer and called it the Mark I. Here we see the Mark I at Harvard University in its glassed in, air conditioned room. This computer was constructed using tubes and was a monster. It only had 3,304 relays and was used for 16 years. Now the Mark I is in a museum. Our next stop will be a very short one at the Bell Labs where we watch the invention of the transistor. Must move on, so let's go forward to the 80's and the desk top computer era.

Now we have a personal computer that is very small and will do more, faster than the IBM Mark I. With the use of an interface, I can use the computer to generate a number of codes and languages for use with a radio. Now "mark and space" is a set of tone frequencies separated by a distance measured in cycles per second. This is called the shift. Narrow shift is 170 cps, while the wide shift is 850 cps.

The computer mates to the interface by cables and is program driven either by plug-in cartridge or from software on a disk. The interface takes keyboard information and then sends it to the radio in the proper format.

For Radio Teletype or RTTY, the interface connects to the radio by way of the microphone input and the speaker output. The interface on transmit generates the tones of the proper frequency and shift and the radio then transmits these tones. The reverse happens on receive. The radio receives the tones and they are sent to the interface which translates the rtty signals to the language of the computer. The computer now displays the message that was received as rtty tones. The same process occurs for Packet, which is a method allowing for better than 95% message accuracy at the receiving station. Other modes of operation include AMTOR (AMateur Teleprinter On Radio) and CW. CW stands for Continuous Wave and is a fancy name for the international form or Morse Code.

This all sounds very complicated, but it isn't. The computer is the tool that today make landline teletype or rtty much simpler. In fact, if it were not for the computer, the teletype of even the late '60's and '70's would have been much larger and noisier than they were. Thanks to the computer, today's teletype can be of a size not much larger than a desk top computer and printer combination.

Now let's take my time machine and look at............well, maybe next time.

No CBM Immunity

(Viruses on the Loose)

Unfortunately, our Commodore computers do not confer immunity. Read on.

There has been much in the news lately about "viruses" which infiltrate computer programs. In a nutshell they resurrect themselves and destroy data or wipe out programs. Yes, these things do exist and are the product of sick people who seem to delight in the misery of others.

While it seems most of these so-called viruses have been infecting IBM compatible programs, we in the Commodore world of computing are evidently not immune!

Word has it that some of the viruses in circulation are:

C64/C-128 Viruses - The Collector, Super Cleaning, The Last Cleaner, Disk House-Wife, Disk Janitor, and Super Boot.

Amiga Viruses - Supergrapak. art, Great Houdini. art, and Disk Magic. art.

There could be many more! So beware when you download a file from a BBS, or when borrowing a BBS download from a friend!

via Ventura Commodore Club via Cougar Courier via A.B.A.C.U.S. via The Hacker Rag

Another C-128 Tip

80 column B/W Cable for the C128

by John Poland

Random Bits via CURVE via CHUG

Making an 80 column black and white monitor cable for use with with the C-128 and a 1702 or a VCR, or a modulator and game switch to a color or black and white TV set:

Materials needed:

  1. Solder one end of the wire to the RCA plug, center conductor to plug center, shield to plug shield.
  2. Solder the other end of the center conductor to pin 7 of the sub-d connector. This is the monochrome output.
  3. Solder the shield wire to pin 1 of the sub-d connector.
  4. Place cover over sub-d connector and screw it together.
  5. Plug the sub-d connector into the C128 jack.
  6. Plug the RCA plug into the phono jack on the front of the 1702 monitor or VCR or modulator.
  7. The switch on the back of the 1702 monitor is then used to switch between 40 and 80 columns.

Want to learn more about Ham?
Annual Ham Fest
2nd Weekend in October
Look for more details in the October newsletter

MCUC TERM

Instructions by Bob Nunn

MCUC Term better known as All American Term is a full featured easy to use term that supports 2400 baud on the 64. I like to so well I have adopted it as my new personal term. I hope you do to!

     Block Size: 255    Baud rate: 300

  Choices:

<T> -=> Terminal Mode
<£> -=> Fast Terminal Mode
<R> -=> Receive a File
<G> -=> Graphics Term Mode
<S> -=> Send a File
<M> -=> Multiple File Transfer
<C> -=> Change Block Size
<N> -=> Baud Rate: 300-600/1200/2400
<B> -=> Buffer Utility
<E> -=> Edit SETUP File
<D> -=> Disk Functions - # 8
<F> -=> File Utilities
<A> -=> Auto-Dial
<*> -=> Continuous Redial: ON
<X> -=> Fast CG Mode
There are 19455 bytes free for buffer

To return to the main menu at any time, hit CLR/HOME or F1.

With the price becoming affordable for a modem with speeds up to 2400 baud, it was apparent that the old Multiterm program that many of you cut your telecommunications teeth on was not going to be sufficient. I personally would have preferred a 2400 baud version of this term for the 64. All American Term takes its roots from Multiterm and actually, there is a lot of Commterm in both programs. I think you will find this term full featured and yet simple to use. It supports 2400 with no problem. I checked out many 64 terms and found this one to be the best overall. I'm sure to hear from the Touchterm Fans about this and all I can say is they still have buggy routines even in the newer versions. If you choose to use Touchterm it seems version 7.2 is the best one. Later versions seems to lock up more frequently.

The Club's own BBS now runs at 2400 baud and there are at least 6 Commodore BBS's in town that are at 2400, with more sure to follow. For $120 plus some change 2400 is the way to go. This term will work fine however at 300 and 1200.

Terminal Program

What is a term some of you might ask. Well it is the key to tons of new software and all kinds of on-line help. You can access Dow Jones, NASA's Spacelink, the encyclopedia off of Qlink, or the Bible on Computer Directs BBS. Simply stated, it allows you to communicate with other systems using a modem. If you need more information come early to one of our general meetings or come to one of our beginner classes for more detailed information. BEWARE-most terms that come with the modems you may have purchased may not be very good or barely work at all.

Load MCUCterm from the menu on your Sepetember C-64 Term Disk. Your very first screen will tell you where you can send donations to the author of this term if you like and continue to use this term. I would like to encourage you to do this. Usually shareware authors will send you information on upgrades and other information. This also encourages such talented people to do more work and continue improvements. The next thing you will notice is the cursor flashing over 8 which is the default drive number. Just hit return if this is the drive in which you will be operating from.

The next screen you will see will be the main menu. This is a list of options you have and to perform any of these functions just press the letter listed and press return.

CONFIGURATION

The first thing you must do is set this program up to work with your equipment. Select E for Edit Setup FIle. You will then see this screen.

            Edut SETUP File

<A> Modem Type: 1670/Hayes/Tone
<B> Printer Type: 1525 Printer

<C> Edit Funtion Keys
<D> Edit Phone Book

<E> Carrier Wait Time: 15 Seconds

<L> Load Configure File
<S> Save Configure File

 [ Space Bar to Return to Main Menu ]

First select Modem Type by entering the letter A as shown in the menu.

A screen showing the following menu will appear.

   Edit Modem Type
Modem Types Supported:


<A> - 1650 Compatible

<B> - Westridge

<C> - 1670/Hayes Smartmodem

<D> - 6420/Mitey Mo/Hes II

<E> - 1660 Modem

<F> - 6470 Modem

<G> - 6480 Modem
  Enter Selection: _

Enter the letter shown in the menu for your modem type. If you are not sure but think your modem is a 300 baud try the 1650 Compatible setting first, then 1660, Westridge, and then the 6420. If your modem is 1200 or 2400 try the 1670/Hayes selestion first. Then 6470/6480 if 1670/Hayes doesn't seem to work. Trial and error will get you there but will take a little longer if you don't know your modem type. Most Anchor modems will use the 6420 for 300 and 6470/80 setting for 1200 baud. These modems are a bad bargain and if you bought one you will have to make the best of it. They don't run as clean but will get you there most of the time. After entering your selection by hitting the number and then pressing return it will bring you back to the Edit SETUP File menu. Next press B and enter return to set up your printer type. You will see this screen.

  Edit Printer Type
Printer Types Supported:

<A> - 1525 Compatible

<B> - CBM Printer

<C> - Other

 Enter Selection: _

PRINTER OPTIONS

You have 3 choices and if you have a Commodore compatible enter B, if it is another type enter other. My NX1000 with an interface works fine with the 1525 setting. Trial and error here may be your only way to select the proper setting. Enter your selection and press return. Now we are back to the Edit SETUP File. Press C to edit your function keys.

          Edit Function Keys

  You may enter up to 30 Characters
  for each  Function  Key. A '←' at
  the end will add a Return.

<F2> = Operator Headgap←Password←

<F4> = Operator Headgap←Password 2←

<F6> = 5944 Wedgewood Cove

<F8> = Memphis, TN

  [ Press key to edit or Space Bar ]

FUNCTION KEYS

Many people do not use this feature. It sure makes it easy to log onto a system especially if your typing skills are not up to par. I have setup a couple of examples in this screen. After my system connects and the BBS asks me for my handle I just hit F2 on my keyboard and because I programmed this in, it will automatically enter my handle and return and then my password and return. This will log you on very quickly on most systems. Simply follow the directions to set your own up. Notice I also set up my address and city, state information. This will allow me to hit one function key to fill in information into applications and speed up my system visits. After you are in most systems set this up with different password combinations. WARNING - once you edit the function keys and save it do not give out a copy of this program. This will have your password information and unscrupulous users will sometime uses your access to do bad things, causing you to lose access! Once you are finished press space to return you to the edit menu.

           Edit Phone Book
1  - MCUC BBS      2  - Blank
3  - Blank         4  - Blank
5  - Blank         6  - Blank
7  - Blank         8  - Blank
9  - Blank         10 - Blank
11 - Blank         12 - Blank
13 - Blank         14 - Blank
15 - Blank         16 - Blank
17 - Blank         18 - Blank
19 - Blank         20 - Blank
21 - Blank         22 - Blank
23 - Blank         24 - Blank
25 - Blank         26 - Blank
27 - Blank         28 - Blank
29 - Blank         30 - Blank

 Enter Number to Edit: 2

Name of System: Headgap BBS

Number: 1,901 365 1583_

PHONE BOOK

To edit the phone book enter D at the menu command line and then press return. Enter the number of the phone book you wish to edit (for example #2). It will ask you the name of the system, type it in; you have a 13 character limit (you may have to abbreviate). Press return will bring up the Number line. Enter the number without any space or dashes. For local just enter it like this 3651583 and press return. For long distance you may need a pause for the connects, for example 1,9013651583. The comma will allow a short pause for the long distance connect. Continue with all your favorite bbs numbers and services. You may also program in your long distance service number.

   Edit Modem Type


Dial Options:


<T> - Touch-Tone

<P> - Pulse

 Enter Selection: _

EDIT MODEM TYPE

One nice added feature to this term that Multiterm lacked is the ability to choose between Tone or Pulse Dialing. Tone is the faster if your area will support it.

SAVE CONFIGURATION

After making all your amendments to the configuration menu and have tested it to see that everything works to your satisfaction then enter save configuration. It will ask you for a file name and list a default configuration. Just press return and your file will be saved. This file can be edited each time you use this if you like. It will rewrite it everytime you have made a change and saved it again.

DISK FUNCTIONS

A basic feature for most all terms is nonetheless necessary upon occasion. Select what you need to do from the menu and press return.

         DISK UTILITY
Enter disk command like a
   print#15 to the drive.

       <F1> - Directory

       <F3> - Disk Command

       <F5> - Disk Status

       <F7> - Blocks Free

       <F8> - Toggle Device

Space Bar to Return

FILE UTILITY

This feature will allow you to read a sequential file on the active drive or simply dump it to the printer. You can also send a file with this feature. This will allow you to open a message area on a bbs and instead of typing in a message you can dump this into the message area.

       TERMINAL MODE

Commands:

<F1> -      < Main Menu >
<F3> -      < Toggle Duplex >
<F5> -      < Toggle Buffer >
<F7> -      < Reset Buffer >
<F2, F4, F6 < User Defined >
<C= +> -    < Off Hook >
<C= -> -    < On Hook >

TERMINAL MODES

This term gives you a choice of 4 types of terminal modes. Fast Terminal Mode allows you to operate as fast as your modem and the bbs will operate in normal ascii mode. This mode is perfect for use on non Commodore boards and online services where a buffer is not needed.

The regular Terminal Mode will allow you to open your buffer to capture text while visiting or to send messages but works at a slower rate of speed.

Fast CG Mode is great for high speed color graphic visits to your favorite Commodore BBS.

Graphics Term Mode is a bit slower but allows you to used your buffer to capture text and graphic screens. Have you ever seen a color graphic screen you would like to have? Well in this mode you can use your buffer to capture it.

          Buffer Control Menu

       There are 19455 Bytes Free

       <F1> - Save Buffer - Device # 8

       <F3> - Load Buffer

       <F5> - Print Buffer

       <F7> - View Buffer

       <F8> - Send Buffer to Modem
              (Only With Carrier!)

[To compose message in buffer, use
Term, Mode, Half Duplex, Buffer Open]

   [ Space bar to Exit to Main Menu ]

Ok, now you may want to know what a buffer is. Well, it's like having a clipboard along with you that allows you to pick up graphics and text screens during your online visits. You might want to capture the help screens from your favorite bbs, send them to your printer and read them later to help you with your next visits. To open your buffer to capture information hit F5 assuming you are in Terminal or Graphics mode to open the buffer and F5 again to close. You can then finish up your visit; hit F1 after hanging up and get the main menu. Enter B for Buffer Utilities and you will see the following screen. Hitting F1 will save your buffer that you captured. You can then print it if you wish or load up your favorite word processor and edit it. Captured graphics are a bit different. I use Sequenzer to load and view graphic screens that I have captured. If you need to edit them, well I use Ivory Setup to go in and take out and change things. I am still looking for a utility that will allow you to edit in case color graphics. None of them are perfect.

HOW TO GET ONLINE

Now that we have covered the basics, let's start by entering A for autodial from the menu. Select the number of the BBS that you want to call. Make sure your model is powered up and connected to the phoneline. If your modem has a switch change it from T to D (telephone to data). Press return and the term will then dial your modem. It may ask you what mode you want to call in. Select the mode and press return. In certain modes this term will not auto redial. If the number shows busy or no carrier repeat the steps by hitting F1 or CLR/HOME and then entering A again till you get a connection.

HOW TO UPLOAD/DOWNLOAD

After entering the system's file transfer area, select a drive that you want to download from. If the board features multifile transfer hit M and select the files by answering the prompts. When it prompts you to go to receive mode, enter F1 if you are in either regular modes, or CLR/HOME if you are in Fast Modes. This will bring you back to the terms main menu. Select M for Mutiple File Transfer and then the command to receive. It will take over and accept all the files you chose. Now let's hope you have enough room on that disk in the drive. For regular downloads just select the BBS's command for download and enter the filename that you wish to download. After the board prompts you to go to receive mode, hit F1 or CLR/HOME and select R for Receive a file. You will be prompted to enter a filename for your end and what type of file it is (prg, seq, usr). Your system will then take over.

PROTOCOL

This term supports punter only! Make sure the system you are sending to is in punter mode.

IF ALL GOES WELL

You should see a series of dashes on the screen. (-----------*) The asterisk shows that you have received the end of the file. Sometimes, this will happen (-------:-::--*) the colon that appears means that a bad block was received and that it had to go back to try again. After heavy rains or in certain dialing areas you will get more error rechecks. This just takes a bit more time and doesn't mean that the file you received is bad.

To Upload you roughly do the same thing. You first prompt the bbs and then when it says start sending you go back to your menu and enter S for regular send. If you prompt the bbs for Multifile you will hit M and then when it prompts you to start sending you will return to your menu and enter M. You then answer the menu prompts.

ABOUT .ARC, .LBR, .LNX, .SDA FILES

Many programs are grouped together and sometimes compressed for faster bbs transfer. Utilities like arc, library, lynx, archive, and zip all combine files and many compress files. It will be necessary for you to have the appropraite program to UN-whatever before these prgrams will work. Make sure you have the appropraite utility before downloading a program that has one of these abbreviations in the file name.

For example:

************************
sysop hell.arc
multi6.0.lnx
wontrun.lbr
************************

One exception to this is .SDA files. SDA stands for self dissolving arc. This means when you run it, it will unpack itself. Just make sure you have space on the disk or move the file to a separate disk. OMEGA-q, a new utility from MCUC, will unpack many of these files and is a good utility for anyone to have. ZIP files show up in the directory like this:

************************
1!filename
2!filename
3!filename
4!filename
************************

This is usually a full disk after it is unzipped and may contain one big program or any number of programs.

BBS COURTESY

Always fill out an application complete. The system operator will want to call and check your number and confirm the information. If you are just visiting not all systems require an application so don't fill one out unless you intend to frequent the system.

Always read the bulletins and other information screens at least once a week. The system operator puts the information up for your benefit.

Always upload a program when you download. You should always have a good program picked out in advance that you intend to upload. Always follow the system rules though. On MCUC you only need to upload at a rate of 10 to 1. For every 10 blocks of programs that you download, you should upload one.

Never Chat the sysop more than once or twice during a session. These people may have 100's of users on a system and if everyone of them chatted the sysop, he would go crazy. If he doesn't answer, he may be busy or otherwise occupied so don't keep hitting the chat command. Most systems set off a whistle or gong and it can be real annoying while you are eating dinner. Do chat the sysop if you are having trouble. Do chat the sysop if you have a system question or need a certain program he may have. If he doesn't answer, leave feedback instead.

Never call back to back. If you have 2 half hour sessions a day, it is considered rude to call and use your one session and after the system logs you off, immediately call back. Remember, most systems have 100's of users and it is unfair not to give them a chance to use it. You do not want to develop a reputation as a board hog.

Do not leave e-mail to yourself. When you leave e-mail, limit it to one or two people who you know frequent the system. The system operator has only so much space and the drives they use only allow so many files. If everyone left 2 or 3 e-mail messages for people, the bbs would give out disk full messages and not allow users to do anything. The system operator then has to clean out the old mail, etc. before the board is back to normal.

Most bbs programs keep a log of who did what, when. The system operator usually knows about your activities, so act accordingly. Remember the golden rule of bbs operators - He who has the bbs, rules. It's their expense that they are operating and it's their equipment you are using.

September Disks of the Month

64 Ham Disk

This disk is full of ham radio utilities and programs. Hope you ham radio operators enjoy this collection.

64 Miscellaneous Disk

This disk is a miscellaneous collection containing games, utilities and terms for the 64.

"mcuc term" - a full featured term that works great in 2400 with the new CD2400 modem. Look for complete instructions elsewhere in this issue.

"miami ice" - drive a car through the maze

"pixelpacker" - converts many different kinds of graphics to new compact jj/gg format

"kasino poker" - 4 card draw power

"carpet solitaire" - 4 card draw poker

"fabulous wanda" - exciting, interactive adventure, new concept

"jawbreaker" - new twist on pacman

"zip/unzip" opens !filename, !!filename, etc. or will compact whole disk into four files. Great for upload/downloading.

64 Term Disk

PCGTerm is a full-featured term for the 64. Load the boot file for your modem type. Includes documentation.

64 Utilities Disk

This C-64 disk has three outstanding programs for your use!

"easycheckbook6.5" - update to a popular checkbook program

"signcreator2.0" - create two sizes, three fonts, CBM printers only. uses P/S graphics. Includes documention.

"docreator v1" - creates seq file to document your programs. Includes documentations and on screen help files.

128 Term Disk

This C-128 disks contains two of the nicest terms we've found plus a bonus for ham radio operators.

"desterm" - 128 term features ansii coclor graphics, now you can view those IBM colors, full featured term, runs at up to 2400 baud. Documentation included.

"proterm 128 v16.1 - 80 col term, lets you view in 40, 60, or 80 col. easy to get help menus.

"codetest" and "dish aimer v2.29" are 128 ham radio utilities. Disk aimer is a satellite dish aimer aid.

128 Miscellaneous Disk

This disk contains C-128 games and ham utilities.

"maximize" - end game with highest amount

"galactic empire" - collect your opponent's planets

"mah-jongg_v2.0" - old chinese game, this one's addictive, includes documentation.

"pro football 128" - you call the plays

"miami ice/128" - 128 version, race car through a maze

"hamlog128" - database for ham radio operators

"stranded" - text adventure game, shipwrecked on island

"cavern of riches" - text adventure game

"defense" - save your planet from the invaders

Disk of the Month Order Form

Use this form to order the Disk's of the month for August. Mail to MCUC, PO Box 34095, Memphis, TN 38134-0095.

Prices are: $2/disk, 3/$5 to members $3 disk, 3/$6 to non-members Clubs may obtain disks on a 1 to 1 exchange basis by sending copies fo their Disk(s) of the Month. Add $1 postage/handling for 1-3 disks, $.25 for each additional disk.

( ) Kindergarten Disk

( ) 1st Grade Disk

( ) 2nd Grade Disk

( ) 3rd Grade Disk

( ) 4th Grade Disk

( ) 5th Grade Disk

( ) 64 Misc. Education Disk

( ) 64 Business Disk

( ) 128 Education Disk

( ) 128 Business Disk

( ) Geos/PS Album Disk #2

See the August newsletter for a complete description of each of these disks.

Another C-128 Tip

80-column Display Help

CCCC via CHUG

To improve the 80-column display, try this one-liner from Twin Cities 128 via the Cougar.

POKE 54784,9:POKE 54785,232

(try other numbers between 231 and 235). This changes the number of raster lines per character, placing the pixels closer together.

MEMPHIS COMMODORE USER'S CLUB
BULLETING BOARD SYSTEM
YOUR HOST: JOHN BLACKMER
300/1200/2400 24 hr C/G
276-6868
Co-Sysop Andrew George

The Clinic
901-382-3069
Over 60 meg on line!
300/1200/2400
24 hr C/G Host - Checkerboard Phox
Largest file transfer section in the
mid-south (Commodore)
First C= BBS in Memphis to run 2400
First to run 20 meg & now 60 meg!

MICKEY D'S
DMBBS v4.5
EMPIRE
SIGMA
ELM STREET
BEST ONLINE GAMES IN THE
COUNTRY!! |BAR NONE!|
901-358-5945
300/1200

Eagle's Nest BBS
Soon To Be 20Megs
Only BBS In Memphis
To Be Running Something
Besides C-Net On a H/D
DMBBS V4.5a
Call Now and Check it out
See The difference After
Aug. 20th
Phone 372-5754 24hrs7days
300/1200 Baud now!! 2400

The Under Water BBS
24 hr C/G
300/1200/2400
386-2617
Host - Silvershark

Operator Headgap BBS
300/1200/2400
24 hr C/G
Host - Bob Nunn
901-365-1583

The Doghouse
872-8227
300/1200
C/G 24 hr
Host - Maddog

Temple BBS
327-1251
300/1200/2400
20 meg C/G 24 hr
Host - Jumper
Temporarily off-line
due to storm damage

New Location!!
Earnheart Computer (ECR)
Repairs & Sales
6850 Hillshire Suite #7
Memphis, TN 38133
Authorized Repair Center for:
Star Printer/Citizen Printer
Commodore 64/128/Amiga
"ECR" XT/AT Systems (100% IBM Comp.)
Service: Apple's/Monitors/& PC's
901-385-7987
Call Ahead Mon-Sat

Battletech

Infocom/Mediagenic

A Review by Eddie Yarborough (Skattershot)

Battletech is Infocom's first role playing game, and it is a very good first at that. You are cast into the roll as Jason, where you must first take courses to 'Tech Training', there are 7 in all. After you have completed the training course, you are on your way to find a hidden case with the "Mech Tools", as the game calls them. The case is supposed to contain more then tools, but the game doesn't go into too much detail.

Gameplay is fairly simple, you use a joystick for movement North, South, East, West. Along the way you will find people to join you on your search, but beware, some people are traitors are you will find out. Your life readings are shown in easy to read bar graphs.

The battle scenes between 'Mechs (your vehicle) are nothing real new, except you can have the option of having the computer fight for you. As in all role playing games, the biggest and strongest 'Mechs win.

This article is written with just an overview of the game as I have spent only about a month (1 week real time) on the game. But for Infocom's first role playing game, it is a must!!

Honey, I mowed the lawn...

by Dan Gutman

In the movie "Honey, I Shrunk The Kids," Rick Moranis is a nutty physicist who invents--among other things--a remote-controlled lawn mower.

Isn't that the dumbest thing you ever heard?

Ray Rafaels doesn't think so. For the past four years, Ray and his brother-in-law Jim have been developing a computerized lawn mower. The thing actually works, and every few weeks it mows Ray's lawn in Fredick, Maryland--all by itself.

"Everybody hates mowing the lawn," Rafaels says. "It's the last manual chore that technology hasn't been able to overcome."

He got the idea when he saw an old "Mow-Bot," a primitive 1960s attempt at a robot lawn mower. Because the silicon chip didn't exist back then, the hundred or so people who bought Mow-Bots had to bury wires under their yards. Mow-Bot rolled around and when it sensed a wire, it would turn and mow in a different, random direction. It might take a week, but eventually the lawn would get mowed. "It was kinda like putting a blind man in a room with a paint brush," says Ray. "If you leave him in there long enough, he's going to cover most of the wall."

Rafael, who still works at his full-time job as an engineer, recognized that today's technology could make an INTELLIGENT version of Mow-Bot that would cut a lawn in straight rows, the way humans do.

"I looked at it and said, 'Heck, I could put a computer on the thing.'"

"The Lawn Ranger," as Ray has dubbed his mower, packs an 8-bit microprocessor (most of today's computers are 16 or 32 bit).

It doesn't "memorize" the layout of a yard. You steer it around the perimeter of your property once using a remote control device (Ray bought his at Radio Shack), and the mower learns not to go beyond that area. Then the mower automatically cuts inward, making smaller and smaller rectangles until the entire lawn is mowed. At that point, the mowers shuts itself off.

To make certain that it cuts evenly, a sensor in the front of the Lawn Ranger scans the grass. If the grass is low, it does nothing. If the grass is high, it tells the computer, which tells the motor to steer toward the high grass.

When it's done cutting, the mower will swivel around a few times and actually "search" for any patches it might have missed.

I know what you're thinking. What about trees? What about children crawling across the grass? This thing sounds like it would fit right into a Stephen King book.

The Lawn Ranger, believe it or not, also sends out sound pulses to avoid hitting objects in front of it. If it detects a tree two feet away, for instance, it will steer around it--the same way a bat uses sonar. If a moving object, such as a person, comes within one foot, the mower stops and shuts itself off.

"You just bring it around once, put it on automatic, and then go practice your golf swing or cook some hamburgers," claims Ray, who designed both the hardware and the software. "It's something to watch, I'll tell you."

Apparently so. Ray uses The Lawn Ranger mostly in his back yard because people are constantly stopping their cars and coming over to pester him about it. "They usually think somebody is hiding and controlling it," he says, "but when they find out that it mows the lawn by itself, they really flip out."

You can't buy The Lawn Ranger at your local Sears just yet. There's only one in the whole world. Ray and his partners are trying to raise the money to go into production, and a "major manufacturer" is coming to have a look next month.

Until then, there are a few kinks to be ironed out.

"Sometimes you hit a dead spot, like where the dog went," Ray says seriously. "The program has to sift through this information and make a logical decision about the proper direction."

If a lawn mower can't figure out which way to go in that situation, it ain't THAT intelligent.

Another C-128 Tip

C-128 Screen Flashing

SYNTAX ERROR via CURVE via CHUG

Flash any PRINT statement in C-128 mode by adding a CHR$(15) between the PRINT and the quotation mark.

Index

Officer's Reports 3, 4, 11
Transfer Protocols 6
CASE Info 7
The Terminal 128 10
The Computer in Radio Communications 12
VIRUS Alert! 13
MCUC Term Instructions 14
Disks of the Month 21
BBS Ads 24
Battletech Review 25
Honey, I Mowed the lawn... 26